Canadian M&A Perspectives Private and Public Mergers & Acquisitions | Private Equity

Author Archives / Leslie Milroy

Subscribe to posts by Leslie Milroy

New 2015 Investment Canada Act WTO Review Threshold

Posted in Contractual Matters, Private Equity, Private Transactions, Public M&A, Shareholders, Strategy

Industry Canada has announced that the 2015 Investment Canada Act (“Act”) threshold that applies to most direct acquisitions of Canadian businesses by non-Canadians will be C$369 million.  This is an increase from last year’s $354 million threshold. The threshold applies to the gross book value of the target’s assets. Note that under the Act, a non-Canadian includes a Canadian-incorporated entity that is ultimately controlled outside of Canada.

The existing lower threshold of C$5 million will continue to apply to transactions that relate to cultural businesses or where none of the parties are from a country that is a WTO member.… Continue Reading

Early Warning Reporting Threshold Remains at 10% While Other Changes to Enhance Transparency Will Be Implemented

Posted in Public M&A, Shareholders, Strategy

On October 10, 2014, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) provided an update on the status of proposed amendments to Canada’s early warning reporting (EWR) system first published in March 2013.[1]  After extensive public consultation, the CSA announced that they will proceed with the amendments except for two important proposals: to reduce the reporting threshold from 10% to 5% and to include “equity equivalent derivatives” for the purposes of determining the threshold for EWR disclosure.  The CSA intends to publish final amendments to the EWR system and related guidance in the second quarter of 2015, subject to the receipt of … Continue Reading

Proposed Changes to Takeover Bid Regime in Canada Would Put More Time in the Hands of Target Boards

Posted in Public M&A, Shareholders, Strategy

On September 11, 2014, the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) published CSA Notice 62-306 – Update on Proposed National Instrument 62-105 Security Holder Rights Plans (Notice) and the Autorité des marchés financiers (AMF) Consultation Paper An Alternative Approach to Securities Regulators’ Intervention in Defensive Tactics. The notice indicates that the CSA intend to publish for comment a new harmonized proposal based on amendments to the takeover bid regime which will aim to facilitate the ability of shareholders to make voluntary, informed and coordinated tender decisions and provide target boards with additional time to respond to hostile bids, with the objective … Continue Reading

Shareholder Rights Plans – The CSA Proposal

Posted in Public M&A, Shareholders, Strategy

On March 14, 2013, the Canadian Securities Administrators (otherwise known as the “CSA”) published a request and notice for comments regarding Proposal National Instrument 62-105 – Security Holder Rights Plans, the purpose of which is to introduce the CSA’s proposed regulatory regime for rights plans.

The proposed rule, which is discussed in more detail in our publication Securities Regulators Proposed New Rules for Shareholder Rights Plans, does not address other defensive tactics.

In addition, the Autorité des marchés financiers has published An Alternative Approach to Securities Regulators’ Intervention in Defensive Tactics, (the “AMF Proposal”), which will be … Continue Reading

Fibrek: Where are we now in the regulation of defensive tactics?

Posted in Public M&A, Shareholders, Strategy

Resolute’ s battle for ownership of 100% of Fibrek Inc. recently came to an end with a friendly “white knight” offer from Mercer being withdrawn after a lengthy court battle. Resolute’s hostile bid for Fibrek was successful, notwithstanding that Fibrek’s board had endorsed Mercer’s offer at a 40% premium to the hostile bid. The Fibrek saga causes us to ask whatCanadian regulators are trying to achieve with the regulation of defensive tactics, and where they may go next.

We won’t go over all of the history in this post, discussed in detail in our earlier blog post, but … Continue Reading

Should proxy advisory firms be regulated in Canada?

Posted in Public M&A, Shareholders, Strategy

On June 21, 2012, the Canadian Securities Administrators (otherwise known as the “CSA”) published Consultation Paper 25-401 – Potential Regulation of Proxy Advisory Firms, the purpose of which is to obtain feedback regarding some of the concerns raised by market participants in order to assist the CSA with determining whether there is a need to regulate proxy advisory firms and to outline and solicit feedback on potential regulatory responses and frameworks that may be used to regulate proxy advisory firms.

Proxy advisory firms are businesses that review and analyze matters that are put before shareholders of public companies for … Continue Reading

Will the Battle for Fibrek Impact the Canadian M&A Landscape?

Posted in Public M&A, Shareholders, Strategy

The recent saga of Fibrek Inc. has been of great interest to those in the M&A community. Many hoped that it would lead to the Supreme Court of Canada giving its view of defensive tactics and strengthen the hand of boards of directors seeking ways to maximize shareholder value in the face of an unsolicited offer.  This would have been very timely as regulators have recently been considering the future of certain defensive tactics (for more on this, please see one of our earlier posts: here). Despite the SCC dismissing Fibrek’s application for leave to appeal, the regulatory and … Continue Reading

Fighting Back: Considerations for Addressing a Dissident Proxy Battle

Posted in Shareholders, Strategy

Contested shareholder meetings are often dramatic events which have the potential to result in, among other things, enhanced scrutiny of a board of directors, increased media coverage and litigation. Emotions tend to run high and decisions often need to be made quickly (particularly for those facing a dissident group who followed the advice given in Matthew Cumming’s blog post, Dissident Ambush of a Shareholders’ Meeting – Tactics to Consider).

If faced with a dissident proxy battle, a careful and deliberate approach can mitigate reputational risk, result in an orderly meeting and assist in avoiding unnecessary costs and litigation. The … Continue Reading