What is a reverse takeover?
When evaluating possible exit options, an alternative to the typical IPO or sale transaction is a reverse takeover transaction (often referred to as an “RTO”). An RTO is a type of sale transaction where the shareholders of a company, often an unlisted entity, sell the company to a publicly listed issuer (“Pubco”) in exchange for shares of Pubco, which results in an effective change of control of Pubco. An RTO allows shareholders of an unlisted company to effect the sale of 100% of the business while maintaining a continuing indirect interest in the business and … Continue Reading
Break fees have for many years been a conventional deal protection feature of public M&A transactions. These fees, often referred to as termination fees as they are tied to the termination provisions in the contract containing the deal terms, are typically payable by a target company where it elects to end an agreement for an M&A deal with a prospective buyer (almost always in order to accept a higher offer from another suitor). Such fees can promote deal certainty for a buyer by attaching adverse monetary consequences to a target terminating the deal.
Reverse break fees (as opposed to … Continue Reading
The recent commitment of the Canadian government to the enforcement of the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act marks a new period in foreign investment transactions and necessitates a re-evaluation of the legal due diligence strategies employed by financiers and prospective acquirers alike, as well as by issuers and other companies operating in foreign jurisdictions in general.
Corrupt practices can result in criminal charges, unlimited monetary penalties, reputational consequences, derivative shareholder claims and class actions, and may even undermine the rights and benefits to which a company is entitled in a foreign jurisdiction.
Due diligence conducted in advance of foreign … Continue Reading